Research News

The shape of water: What water molecules look like on the surface of materials

Understanding the various molecular interactions and structures that arise among surface water molecules would enable

New model explains unique transport dynamics of complex fluids

We encounter various types of fluids every day, and in every fluid; the constituent particles are always moving and colliding with each

A drug for alcoholism can also treat cancer by targeting macrophages

Developing a therapy to combat cancer remains one of the most difficult challenges in medical research. Cancer owes its notorious

Stepping up spintronics with room temperature magnetism in molybdenum oxide nanoflakes

Growth in the number of smart electronic devices has sparked an increase in research interest in high functionality nanomaterials.

New chip calculates the shortest distance in an instant

How would you go about returning books to the correct shelves in a large library with the least amount of walking?

New image analysis method for time-lapse microscopy shows how giant viruses infect amoeba

Viruses are probably the most peculiar “life forms” known to us, with each species having unique characteristics.

Potassium-driven rechargeable batteries: An effort towards a more sustainable environment

Our modern lifestyle would be immensely different without rechargeable batteries. Owing to their low-cost, recyclable technology,

New study on recently discovered chlorophyll molecule could be key to better solar cells

All living organisms need energy for their survival, and this energy indirectly comes from the sun. Some organisms,

No “clouded” judgments: Geostationary satellite an alternative to monitor land surfaces

Satellite remote sensing has widely been used to monitor and characterize the spatial and temporal changes

Solving the puzzle of IgG4-related disease, the elusive autoimmune disorder

Autoimmune diseases are a medical conundrum. In people with these conditions, the immune system of the body,

New low-cost technology ups the game of energy-harvesting nanogenerators

Have you ever wondered why pieces of Styrofoam get stuck to a cat’s

Award-winning processing technique cuts out noise from real-world images

Modern electronic devices are capable of producing high-quality images,

New protein function could be key in treating drug addiction and behavioral disorders

The human brain consists of several intricate networks or “circuits.”

Diamonds in your devices: Powering the next generation of energy storage

Our use of battery-operated devices and appliances has been increasing

VIDEO: Scientists achieve large-scale production of non-toxic metal chalcogenide films for use in novel semiconductors of the future

The electronic revolution has made it possible to produce microchips …

VIDEO: Using ‘serious’ video games to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating condition that involves uncontrollable, obsessive thoughts.

New study shows unique magnetic transitions in quasicrystal-like structures

In the world of materials science, many have heard of crystals, highly ordered structures in which atoms are arranged in a tight…

New water-based optical device revolutionizes the field of optics research

Light is versatile in nature. In other words, it shows different characteristics when traveling through different types of materials.

Scientists discover how molecule-sorting station in our cells is formed and maintained

The cells in our body are workshops that continuously operate to produce and process substances to keep us going.

No more traffic blues for information transfer: decongesting wireless channels

The increasing number of devices connected over wireless networks is causing channels of information flow to be congested with …

Researchers develop a new α-gel that can revolutionize skincare

A group of scientists from Japan has made an α-gel with a compound resembling a main component of the moisture-holding layer on our skin. The characteristics of this α…

New lightweight robotic suit to increase performance of people with restricted mobility

A new study presenting a revolutionary robotic mobility-assistance suit was published in the journal Science this…

Newly discovered mechanism of gene regulation underlies bacterial virulence

A team of researchers from Chung-Ang University and their collaborators have revealed a critical role of …

The threat of multidrug resistance: One step toward unraveling the rise of superbacteria

Scientists uncover new genetic pathways leading to antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli, which can be targeted to remove …

Improved root canal instrumentation to reduce dental work complications

Doctors suggest that the “adaptive” motion of nickel-titanium rotary files used for root canal procedures decreases the instrument’s…

“Normal” MRI scan accompanied by dizziness—warning sign of posterior stroke

Posterior circulation strokes are difficult to diagnose because of the “normal” MRI scans as well as ambiguous symptoms, and a …

“Social brain” changes structure with evolving concept of fairness

Scientists from Pusan National University show that development of the concept of “fairness” among adolescents is related to structural changes in the brain

New fungus-derived antibiotic for immunocompromised people

Eushearilide, known to be active against a wide range of pathogenic fungi and yeasts, has unexplored antibacterial properties. Now, scientists from the Tokyo University…

Discovery of novel cancer signaling mechanism and anticancer compound design

Active mutations of KIT tyrosine kinase are found in several cancers, but the different locations in the cells where KIT …

Charge change: How electric forces vary in colloids

When calculating the electrokinetic force, the convention has been to assume that there is no relative velocity of the fluid compared to the surface, which holds true…

Future of portable electronics—novel organic semiconductor with exciting properties

Organic semiconductors have advantages over inorganic semiconductors in several areas. However, there are only a few known organic…

High-energy lasers could be used to treat Alzheimer’s disease in the future

The aggregation of amyloid protein fibrils is involved in diseases such as amyloidosis and even Alzheimer’s. A group of Japanese scientists has explored the use of free…

Using a common anticonvulsant to counteract inflammation

Breakthrough research by researchers in Japan has helped them reposition papaverine as a novel drug to treat inflammation that is implicated in sepsis and even cancer

Scientists crack the code to improve stress tolerance in plants

Epigenetic regulation—modification of gene expression from the “outside”—is an important part of the overall genetic processes within a cell. A group of scientists from…

New study reveals surprising gender disparity in work–life balance

In a new study, Professor Hideo Noda of the School of Management at the Tokyo University of Science examined data from 34 OECD countries and appraised the effects of…

Making the “human-body internet” more effective

Human body communication (HBC) uses the human body to transmit power and data, very much like the internet. In a recent study published in IEEE Transactions on…

Scientists discover a candidate for a potential new “family” of glycosidic enzymes

A group of researchers from Japan has recently discovered a novel enzyme from a soil fungus. In their study, they speculate that this enzyme plays important roles in the…

The translation process is not a neutral and transparent negotiation between two languages – Prof. Youngmin Kim

Since receiving his PhD from the University of Missouri-Columbia in 1991, Prof. Youngmin Kim has been teaching…

New giant virus may help understand the emergence of complex life

A group of researchers from Japan have discovered a new large DNA virus that may help scientists better understand the origins of DNA replication and the evolution of…

The Aoki Lab of Bioorganic Chemistry (TUS) takes vital steps in the battle against cancer

Scientists at the Aoki Laboratory, headed by Professor Shin Aoki, at Tokyo University of Science have taken a giant leap in the battle against cancer. They have…

Breaking down the barriers of untranslatability in transnational literature

Literature is the window to a culture. However, there are concepts and ideas that may be untranslatable

The fight against cancer: The promise of HIF-1 inhibitors

Tumor hypoxia, a characteristic feature of advanced solid tumors, is considered as a potential

Japanese scientists crack the code to regenerate plant tissues

A group of scientists from Tokyo University of Science have discovered a new way to regenerate flowering plant tissues, opening possibilities of mitigating global food…

What prompts people to share promoted advertisements on social media?

For digital marketers to harness the power of social networking, it is vital to understand how to

A powerful catalyst for electrolysis of water that could help harness renewable energy

Nowadays, people acknowledge the importance of finding and improving renewable energy sources.

Synthesizing crystalline films that neatly arrange themselves

Crystalline structures are ideally composed of repeating identical units in a perfectly ordered fashion

Semiconductor for making the thin-film transistors that everyone’s been looking for

Have you ever wondered why pieces of Styrofoam get stuck to a cat’s

How the rice blast fungus “eats” its own cell wall to launch an attack

All living organisms respond and adapt to changes in their environment. These responses are sometimes so significant that

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