Research News

Your Health in Your Hands: Novel Wearable Technology Can Easily Detect Heatstroke

Researchers develop an electronic skin-like sensor for measuring the acidity of sweat to prevent deaths from undetected or asymptomatic heatstroke

How a Molecular “Alarm” System in Plants Protects Them from Predators

Some plants, like soybean, are known to possess an innate defense machinery that helps them develop resistance against insects trying to feed on them.

A Radar for Plastic: High-Resolution Map of 1 km Grids to Track Plastic Emissions in Seas

Plastic may be an indispensable part of our daily lives, but its robustness and abundance have led to its overuse, putting a huge burden on the environment.

The Truth Lies in the Soil: How Human Activity Leaves a Chemical Footprint in Soils

The Earth’s surface represents a very complex system where a multitude of natural and man-made structures and terrains interact, including forests, water bodies, grasslands, farmlands, mines, and mountains. Over time, these interactions shape the natural habitat and resources that sustain life as we know it.

Wiring the Quantum Computer of the Future: a Novel Simple Build with Existing Technology

Quantum computing is increasingly becoming the focus of scientists in fields such as physics and chemistry, and industrialists in the pharmaceutical, airplane, and automobile industries. Globally, research labs at companies like Google and IBM are spending extensive resources on improving quantum computers, and with good reason. Quantum computers use the fundamentals of quantum mechanics to process significantly greater amounts of information much faster than classical computers.

To Make or To Break: Novel Reversible Technique Produces Acyl Fluoride using Rare Metal

In organic chemistry, metals have recently gained attention for their roles as catalysts of a variety of reactions where two different starting materials are joined together, generally known as cross-coupling reactions.

Immigrant Japan: Understanding Modern Japan through the Lives and Minds of Migrants

Japan has increasingly become a popular travel and migrant destination because of its unique culture and diverse economic opportunities.

Innovative Thinner Electrolyte Can Improve Functioning of Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

In this post-industrialization age, electricity has become the backbone of our society. However, using fossil fuels to generate it is not the best option because of their limited availability and harmful nature.

Crime-fighting the AI Way—New Policing Model That Combines Leading Forensic Technologies

As a society develops, unfortunately, so does the sophistication of crime. Delinquency is constantly evolving, and delinquents use modern technology to escape the law. In such a scenario, a smart community policing system is essential to reduce crime and bring a sense of safety in residential areas.

Destroying DNA to Save the Genome—Study Offers New Insights into Sepsis and its Treatment

Sepsis—the body’s own immune response gone against it—is a major health problem worldwide.

How dangerous news spreads: What makes Twitter users retweet risk-related information

In an Internet-driven world, social media has become the go-to source of all kinds of information.

Keeping It Simple—Synthesizing Useful Organic Compounds Now Made Easier and Cheaper

Organic boronic acids are widely used as starting material in the synthesis of various useful chemicals.

How a New Quantum Approach Can Develop Faster Algorithms to Deduce Complex Networks

Complex networks are ubiquitous in the real world, from artificial to purely natural ones, and they exhibit very similar geometric properties.

Radionuclide Levels in Freshwater Fish Differ Between Lakes and Rivers

After the Fukushima nuclear power plant accident, managing environmental radionuclide contamination efficiently has become incredibly important.

“Bright” Future for Electronics—New Research Spurs Advances in the Field of Optics

The field of electronics has witnessed a rapid rise in innovation, under pressure from the growing needs for information technology to process more information faster and for the devices to be as small as possible.

Motley Crew: Rust and Light a Possible Answer to the Conundrum of Hydrogen Fuel Production

Production of hydrogen fuel is a key goal towards the development of sustainable energy practices, but this process does not have feasible techniques yet.

Safe method of adding metal particles to organic nanomaterials paves way for better batteries

The existing method for adding metals to organic materials is dangerous and laborious. Scientists from Korea have now developed a new method that is simple, safe, and cost-effective.

Combining the powers of Si and C to build a better tomorrow: Production of high yield Si-C for anodes in Li batteries

Lithium ion batteries find wide applications in everyday use objects, but the number of ions that can be stored in their graphite anodes is limited.

One more step toward understanding how cells repair their own DNA

Unrepaired DNA can cause serious diseases, including cancer. In a recent study, scientists from Chung-Ang University discovered an important pathway that regulates DNA damage repair.

Masking the Memory of Fear: Treating Anxiety Disorders such as PTSD with an Opioid

While fear memory—or the ability to remember contexts in which to be afraid—is important for survival, too much of it, and an inability to forget contexts that no longer apply, hinders daily activities.

Towards a Sustainable Future—Novel Technology to Measure Energy Conversion Efficiency

Conversion of energy is a constant process but measuring the efficiency of this conversion is not an easy task. Quantifying the heat emission of the object that absorbs energy has been proven to be a good indicator.

Studying Electrons, Bridging Two Realms of Physics: Connecting Solids and Soft Matter

Condensed matter physics, which analyzes the behavior of electrons in organized solid matter, has been treated as a completely separate field of study from soft matter physics, which deals with liquids, gels, etc. But in a new study, researchers from Japan have now revealed that under certain special conditions, the electrons in solid matter exhibit similar properties to the constituent particles of soft matter.

How kirigami can help us study the muscular activity of athletes

The upcoming Tokyo Olympic and Paralympic Games in 2020 represent a big opportunity for governments to promote a healthy lifestyle and sports, and the turn of the decade is a great opportunity to showcase how recent technological developments can be used to help us understand human motion during sports.

The shape of water: What water molecules look like on the surface of materials

Understanding the various molecular interactions and structures that arise among surface water molecules would enable

New model explains unique transport dynamics of complex fluids

We encounter various types of fluids every day, and in every fluid; the constituent particles are always moving and colliding with each

Scientists Identify New Biochemical “Warning Sign” of Early-stage Depression

Major depressive disorder affects over 300 million people worldwide, but so far there have been no established biomarkers that clinicians can rely on to detect early-stage depression symptoms.

How manipulating ligand interactions in metal clusters can spur advances in nanotechnology

Ligand-protected metal clusters in assembled structures show peculiar properties, which are different from those of corresponding bulk metals.

DNA “Scissors” Could Cut Out the Alzheimer’s Causing Gene in Mice

Scientists at Dongguk University successfully treated Alzheimer’s disease in mice using the gene editing tool CRISPR-Cas9.

A drug for alcoholism can also treat cancer by targeting macrophages

Developing a therapy to combat cancer remains one of the most difficult challenges in medical research. Cancer owes its notorious

Stepping up spintronics with room temperature magnetism in molybdenum oxide nanoflakes

Growth in the number of smart electronic devices has sparked an increase in research interest in high functionality nanomaterials.

Does graphene cause or prevent the corrosion of copper? New study finally settles the debate

Graphene has attracted the interest of researchers in recent years because, despite its apparent anti-corrosive properties, its proximity was seen to increase the corrosion of copper.

New chip calculates the shortest distance in an instant

How would you go about returning books to the correct shelves in a large library with the least amount of walking?

New image analysis method for time-lapse microscopy shows how giant viruses infect amoeba

Viruses are probably the most peculiar “life forms” known to us, with each species having unique characteristics.

Potassium-driven rechargeable batteries: An effort towards a more sustainable environment

Our modern lifestyle would be immensely different without rechargeable batteries. Owing to their low-cost, recyclable technology,

New study on recently discovered chlorophyll molecule could be key to better solar cells

All living organisms need energy for their survival, and this energy indirectly comes from the sun. Some organisms,

No “clouded” judgments: Geostationary satellite an alternative to monitor land surfaces

Satellite remote sensing has widely been used to monitor and characterize the spatial and temporal changes

Solving the puzzle of IgG4-related disease, the elusive autoimmune disorder

Autoimmune diseases are a medical conundrum. In people with these conditions, the immune system of the body,

New low-cost technology ups the game of energy-harvesting nanogenerators

Have you ever wondered why pieces of Styrofoam get stuck to a cat’s

Award-winning processing technique cuts out noise from real-world images

Modern electronic devices are capable of producing high-quality images,

New protein function could be key in treating drug addiction and behavioral disorders

The human brain consists of several intricate networks or “circuits.”

Diamonds in your devices: Powering the next generation of energy storage

Our use of battery-operated devices and appliances has been increasing

VIDEO: Scientists achieve large-scale production of non-toxic metal chalcogenide films for use in novel semiconductors of the future

The electronic revolution has made it possible to produce microchips …

VIDEO: Using ‘serious’ video games to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder

Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating condition that involves uncontrollable, obsessive thoughts.

New study shows unique magnetic transitions in quasicrystal-like structures

In the world of materials science, many have heard of crystals, highly ordered structures in which atoms are arranged in a tight…

New water-based optical device revolutionizes the field of optics research

Light is versatile in nature. In other words, it shows different characteristics when traveling through different types of materials.

Scientists discover how molecule-sorting station in our cells is formed and maintained

The cells in our body are workshops that continuously operate to produce and process substances to keep us going.

No more traffic blues for information transfer: decongesting wireless channels

The increasing number of devices connected over wireless networks is causing channels of information flow to be congested with …

Researchers develop a new α-gel that can revolutionize skincare

A group of scientists from Japan has made an α-gel with a compound resembling a main component of the moisture-holding layer on our skin. The characteristics of this α…

New lightweight robotic suit to increase performance of people with restricted mobility

A new study presenting a revolutionary robotic mobility-assistance suit was published in the journal Science this…

Newly discovered mechanism of gene regulation underlies bacterial virulence

A team of researchers from Chung-Ang University and their collaborators have revealed a critical role of …

The threat of multidrug resistance: One step toward unraveling the rise of superbacteria

Scientists uncover new genetic pathways leading to antibiotic resistance in Escherichia coli, which can be targeted to remove …

Improved root canal instrumentation to reduce dental work complications

Doctors suggest that the “adaptive” motion of nickel-titanium rotary files used for root canal procedures decreases the instrument’s…

“Normal” MRI scan accompanied by dizziness—warning sign of posterior stroke

Posterior circulation strokes are difficult to diagnose because of the “normal” MRI scans as well as ambiguous symptoms, and a …

“Social brain” changes structure with evolving concept of fairness

Scientists from Pusan National University show that development of the concept of “fairness” among adolescents is related to structural changes in the brain

New fungus-derived antibiotic for immunocompromised people

Eushearilide, known to be active against a wide range of pathogenic fungi and yeasts, has unexplored antibacterial properties. Now, scientists from the Tokyo University…

Discovery of novel cancer signaling mechanism and anticancer compound design

Active mutations of KIT tyrosine kinase are found in several cancers, but the different locations in the cells where KIT …

Charge change: How electric forces vary in colloids

When calculating the electrokinetic force, the convention has been to assume that there is no relative velocity of the fluid compared to the surface, which holds true…

Future of portable electronics—novel organic semiconductor with exciting properties

Organic semiconductors have advantages over inorganic semiconductors in several areas. However, there are only a few known organic…

High-energy lasers could be used to treat Alzheimer’s disease in the future

The aggregation of amyloid protein fibrils is involved in diseases such as amyloidosis and even Alzheimer’s. A group of Japanese scientists has explored the use of free…

Using a common anticonvulsant to counteract inflammation

Breakthrough research by researchers in Japan has helped them reposition papaverine as a novel drug to treat inflammation that is implicated in sepsis and even cancer

Scientists crack the code to improve stress tolerance in plants

Epigenetic regulation—modification of gene expression from the “outside”—is an important part of the overall genetic processes within a cell. A group of scientists from…

New study reveals surprising gender disparity in work–life balance

In a new study, Professor Hideo Noda of the School of Management at the Tokyo University of Science examined data from 34 OECD countries and appraised the effects of…

Making the “human-body internet” more effective

Human body communication (HBC) uses the human body to transmit power and data, very much like the internet. In a recent study published in IEEE Transactions on…

Scientists discover a candidate for a potential new “family” of glycosidic enzymes

A group of researchers from Japan has recently discovered a novel enzyme from a soil fungus. In their study, they speculate that this enzyme plays important roles in the…

The translation process is not a neutral and transparent negotiation between two languages – Prof. Youngmin Kim

Since receiving his PhD from the University of Missouri-Columbia in 1991, Prof. Youngmin Kim has been teaching…

New giant virus may help understand the emergence of complex life

A group of researchers from Japan have discovered a new large DNA virus that may help scientists better understand the origins of DNA replication and the evolution of…

The Aoki Lab of Bioorganic Chemistry (TUS) takes vital steps in the battle against cancer

Scientists at the Aoki Laboratory, headed by Professor Shin Aoki, at Tokyo University of Science have taken a giant leap in the battle against cancer. They have…

Breaking down the barriers of untranslatability in transnational literature

Literature is the window to a culture. However, there are concepts and ideas that may be untranslatable

The fight against cancer: The promise of HIF-1 inhibitors

Tumor hypoxia, a characteristic feature of advanced solid tumors, is considered as a potential

Japanese scientists crack the code to regenerate plant tissues

A group of scientists from Tokyo University of Science have discovered a new way to regenerate flowering plant tissues, opening possibilities of mitigating global food…

What prompts people to share promoted advertisements on social media?

For digital marketers to harness the power of social networking, it is vital to understand how to

A powerful catalyst for electrolysis of water that could help harness renewable energy

Nowadays, people acknowledge the importance of finding and improving renewable energy sources.

Synthesizing crystalline films that neatly arrange themselves

Crystalline structures are ideally composed of repeating identical units in a perfectly ordered fashion

Semiconductor for making the thin-film transistors that everyone’s been looking for

Have you ever wondered why pieces of Styrofoam get stuck to a cat’s

How the rice blast fungus “eats” its own cell wall to launch an attack

All living organisms respond and adapt to changes in their environment. These responses are sometimes so significant that

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